Methods Three hundred patients receiving an anti-TNF-a treatment

Methods Three hundred patients receiving an anti-TNF-a treatment for chronic plaque psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis in a clinical setting in Italy, These patients were screened selleckchem through serum protein electrophoresis to investigate the possible development of MGUS. Results Eight patients were

found to have developed monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. The median treatment duration for the eight patients was 1 year with excessive IgG present in five patients, IgM accumulation in one patient and a double monoclonal component in two patients. Conclusion Our data suggest that there may be an association between anti-TNF-a therapy and development of MGUS.”
“Various perioperative vascular complications of anterior lumbar spine procedures have been described in orthopaedic literature. We report the unusual case of a perioperative bleeding from the right and left epigastric inferior artery occurring when using a stand-alone ALIF device (Synfix, Synthes, Oberdorf, Switzerland) at the L5/S1 level through an anterior left retroperitoneal approach. The primary stability of the Synfix is achieved by four divergent screws which are inserted through the anteriorly located plate

into the neighbouring vertebral endplates. For the screw insertion the surrounding structures have to be mobilized more extensively than during a “standard” anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) procedure. The epigastric inferior arteries were MAPK inhibitor embolized by applying polyvinyl alcohol particles and metal coils. The retroperitoneal haematoma caused herniation of the external rectus sheath. Hence revision surgery with removal p38 MAP Kinase pathway of the haematoma and resuturing of the

rectus sheath were performed. Insertion of divergent screws of the Synfix device may cause severe distension and rupture of the epigastric vessels. This case shows that a lesion of the right epigastric artery may be a hazard even in left retroperitoneal approaches. To the author’s knowledge this is the first case describing a lesion of the right epigastric artery during an ALIF procedure through a left retroperitoneal approach.”
“Background Traumatic hand and finger amputations frequently lead to permanent disability.\n\nObjective To investigate their epidemiological characteristics and estimate the prevention potential among children 0-14 years old, through a cross-sectional survey.\n\nMethods Nationwide extrapolations were produced based on data recorded between 1996 and 2004 in the Greek Emergency Department Injury Surveillance System and existing sample weights. Incident and injury related characteristics were analysed to identify preventable causes.\n\nResults Among 197 417 paediatric injuries, 28 225(14%) involved the hand and fingers resulting in 236 amputations (similar to 1% of hand injuries). The annual probability to seek emergency department care for a hand injury was 3%. The estimated incidence rate (IR) of hand amputations was 19.7/100 000 person-years.

Several of the proteins were localized on the sperm head However

Several of the proteins were localized on the sperm head. However, these proteins have also been described to exert other functions in the flagellum. Co-precipitation experiments with rhZP-coated beads confirmed the direct interaction of GSTM with ZP4 and of VDAC2 with ZP2 and ZP3.\n\nWe used recombinant ZP OICR-9429 Epigenetics inhibitor in place of native ZP. Thus, the post-translational modifications of the proteins, such as glycosylations, can be different and can influence their function. However, CHO cell-expressed rhZP are functional, e.g. can bind human

spermatozoa and induce the acrosome reaction. Moreover, the identification of relevant proteins was limited by the need for sufficient amounts of proteins on the preparative 2D-gel to be subsequently analysed in MALDI-TOF MS/MS.\n\nOur results bring new insights on the ability of sperm proteins to exert several functions depending on their sub-cellular localization, either the head or flagellum. Their multiple roles suggest that these sperm proteins are multifaceted or moonlighting proteins.\n\nThis work was supported by the grant ReproRio (CNRS, INRA, INSERM and CEA) and the Socit dAndrologie de Langue Franaise.\n\nNot applicable.”
“Background: The phospholipase A 2 receptor (PLA2R) is a major antigen found in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN). The relationship of genetic polymorphisms

of PLA2R with the susceptibility and clinical outcomes of this disease is unknown. Methods: We studied 199 patients with idiopathic selleck MN followed up for 3.7 +/- 3.2 years. We enrolled 33 patients with secondary MN and 356 subjects with normal blood pressure and no proteinuria. PLA2R single

nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped. Results: The allele frequencies GDC-0973 price of C in rs35771982 and G in rs3828323 were 73.6 and 73.9%, respectively. Subjects with the CC genotype in rs35771982 had a higher susceptibility to idiopathic MN compared to subjects with other genotypes (odds ratio 2.6; 95% confidence interval 1.8-4.0). Patients with secondary MN were not different from controls with regard to PLA2R genotype. No impact of genetic polymorphisms on renal survival was detected. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that PLA2R SNPs might be associated with the risk of developing MN. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“Protected L-homoDMDP en-8 and its C-6 epimer en-7 were prepared through two different pathways starting from the vinylpyrrolidine en-9. Based on the NMR and X-ray analysis, the stereochemistry of homoDMDP at C-6 was confirmed to be consistent with reported data. Compounds en-7 and en-8 are general intermediates for the synthesis of a series of 6-C-alkylated DMDP-related natural products, such as broussonetine G, homoDMDP-7-O-apioside, homoDMDP-7-O-beta-D-xyloside and so on.

It has been reported that antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), also kno

It has been reported that antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), also known as host-defense peptides, can selectively bind to negatively charged prokaryotic and cancer cell membranes and exert cytotoxicity, without harming normal cells or causing severe drug resistance. We have designed a series of novel cationic AMPs with potent antimicrobial activity against a broad spectrum of bacterial pathogens. In the current study, we evaluated their anticancer potency toward gastric cancer AGS cell line. Cell viability assay

revealed that GW-H1 exhibited the lowest IC50 value (less than 20 mu M). Flow cytometry showed that upon GW-H1 treatment for 0-24 h, apoptotic cell populations of AGS increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Western BEZ235 VX 809 blot analysis further revealed that upon treatment for 2-6 h, apoptosis-related caspases-3, 7, 8, 9, and PARP were cleaved and activated, while autophagy-related LC3-II and beclin-1 were concomitantly increased. These results indicated that both apoptosis and autophagy were involved in the early stage of GW-H1-induced AGS cell death. However, upon treatment for 12-24 h, LC3-II began to decrease and cleaved beclin-1 increased in a time-dependent manner,

suggesting that consecutive activation of caspases cleaved beclin-1 to inhibit autophagy, thus enhancing apoptosis at the final stage. These findings provided support for future application of GW-H1 as a potential anticancer agent for gastric cancer treatment.”
“BACKGROUND: Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at increased risk of inspiratory muscle fatigue and respiratory failure. The time constant (tau) of the inspiratory muscle relaxation is a simple bedside test of muscle fatigue. We have compared patients with CF and healthy Ro-3306 nmr controls regarding tau and hypothesized that it is negatively associated with severity of lower airway obstruction. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, tau after maximal inspiration and spirometric indices (forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC)) were measured. RESULTS: Fifty-three CF patients (median age 14 y (interquartile range:

11-19.5)) and 53 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects (14 y (11-19.5)) were recruited. Application of a general linear model revealed that health status (CF vs. non-CF) had a significant effect on tau (P smaller than 0.001), but age group and the interaction of age group with health status did not have significant effects on tau (P = 0.10 and P = 0.71, respectively). Participants with CF had significantly higher tau (253 (188-406)) than control subjects (117 (81-185)) (P smaller than 0.001) and tau was negatively related to FEV1 (r = -0.205; P= 0.031) and FVC (r = -0.294; P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Patients with CF have higher tau than healthy controls but the correlation of tau with expiratory flow function is modest.

The frequency with which YEL-AND and YEL-AVD occur in YF endemic countries is mostly unknown.\n\nMethods: From 2007 to 2010, eight African countries Benin, Cameroon, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo- implemented large-scale YF preventive

vaccination campaigns. Each country established vaccine pharmacovigilance systems that included standard case definitions, procedures to collect and transport biological specimens, and National Expert Committees to review data and classify cases. Staff in all countries received training and laboratory capacity expanded.\n\nResults: In total, selleck products just over 38 million people were vaccinated against YF and 3116 AEFIs were reported of which 164 (5%) were classified as serious. Of these, 22 (13%) were classified

as YF vaccine reactions, including 11(50%) hypersensitivity reactions, six (27%) suspected YEL-AND, and five (23%) suspected YEL-AVD. The incidence per 100,000 vaccine doses administered was 8.2 for all reported AEFIs, 0.43 for any serious AEFI, 0.058 for YF vaccine related AEFIs, 0.029 for hypersensitivity reactions, 0.016 for YEL-AND, and 0.013 for YEL-AVD. Our findings selleck compound were limited by operational challenges, including difficulties in obtaining recommended biological specimens leading to incomplete laboratory evaluation, unknown case ascertainment, and variable levels of staff training and experience.\n\nConclusions: Despite limitations, active case-finding in the eight different countries did not find an incidence of YF vaccine associated AEFIs that was higher than previous reports. These data reinforce the safety profile of YF vaccine and support the continued use of attenuated YF vaccine during preventive mass vaccination campaigns in YF endemic areas. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objectives: To develop and evaluate a real-time quadriplex PCR for the diagnosis of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) and non-LGV chlamydial infections using rectal swab specimens.\n\nMethods: The design of the real-time

quadriplex PCR assay incorporates an LGV-specific, a non-LGV-specific target sequence, a Chlamydia trachomatis AZD2014 datasheet plasmid target, and the human RNase P gene as an internal control. The performance of the quadriplex PCR was compared with a previously reported real- time duplex PCR assay on which LGV diagnosis was based on exclusion.\n\nResults: Very good agreement (85 of 89 specimens, 95.5%) was found between the two multiplex PCR assays for the detection of C trachomatis DNA (kappa value 0.93, 95% CI 0.86 to 0.99). Both assays identified 34 LGV, 35 non-LGV C trachomatis and 16 negative specimens. Of two specimens that tested positive for non- LGV by the duplex PCR, one was found to be a mixed infection and the other was positive only for plasmid and RNase P targets by the quadriplex PCR.

Because neurological emergencies will sometimes lead to the irrev

Because neurological emergencies will sometimes lead to the irreversible loss of brain function, the special aspects of brain death in early childhood are also dealt with.”
“Kidney transplantation is limited not by technical or immunological challenges but by lack of donor organs. Whereas the number of patients on waiting list Belinostat molecular weight increased, the transplantation rate decreased. We analyzed the development of decline rates and reasons as well

as the fate of declined organs. In total, 1403 organs offered to 1950 patients between 2001 and 2010 were included. Of 440 organs offered between 2009 and 2011 that were declined, we investigated whether these organs were transplanted elsewhere and requested delayed graft function, creatinine, graft and patient survival. Data were compared to results of transplantations at the same time at our center. Decline rate

increased from 47% to 87%. Main reasons were poor organ quality and donor-recipient age or size mismatch. Of the rejected organs, 55% were transplanted at other centers with function, graft and patient survival equivalent to patients transplanted at our center during that period. The number of decline has increased over time mainly due to a growing number of marginal donors accounting for poor organ quality find more or a mismatch of donor and recipient. If proper donor-recipient selection is performed, many organs that would otherwise be discarded can be transplanted

“The Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005) measures adherence to the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, but the association CA3 price between the HEI-2005 and risk of chronic disease is not known. The Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI), which is based on foods and nutrients predictive of chronic disease risk, was associated inversely with chronic disease risk previously. We updated the AHEI, including additional dietary factors involved in the development of chronic disease, and assessed the associations between the AHEI-2010 and the HEI-2005 and risk of major chronic disease prospectively among 71,495 women from the Nurses’ Health Study and 41,029 men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study who were free of chronic disease at baseline. During >= 24 y of follow-up, we documented 26,759 and 15,558 incident chronic diseases (cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, or nontrauma death) among women and men, respectively. The RR (95% Cl) of chronic disease comparing the highest with the lowest quintile was 0.84 (0.81, 0.87) for the HEI-2005 and 0.81 (0.77, 0.85) for the AHEI-2010. The AHEI-2010 and HEI-2005 were most strongly associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and diabetes, and for both outcomes the AHEI-2010 was more strongly associated with risk than the HEI-2005 (P-difference = 0.002 and <0.001, respectively). The 2 indices were similarly associated with risk of stroke and cancer.

We used conditional

We used conditional see more logistic regression models, including terms for major recognised gastric cancer risk factors and non-carbohydrate energy intake. The odds ratios (ORs) in the highest vs lowest quintile were 1.9 (95% CI: 1.0-3.3) for GI and 2.5 (95% CI: 1.3-4.9) for GL. Compared with participants reporting low GL and high fruits/vegetables intake, the OR rose across strata of high GL and low fruits/vegetables, to reach 5.0 (95% CI: 2.2-11.5) for those reporting low fruits/vegetables intake and high GL. Our study may help to explain the direct relation

observed in several studies between starchy foods and gastric cancer risk.”
“PURPOSE. To determine whether conditioned medium (CM) derived

from bovine corneal endothelial cells (BCECs) can support transplanted cells SB203580 in vivo on aged and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) Bruch’s membrane (BM).\n\nMETHODS. Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hES-RPE) and cultured fetal and aged adult RPE were seeded onto the inner collagenous layer of submacular BM-choroid-sclera explants generated from aged and AMD human donor eyes. Paired explants were cultured in BCEC-CM or CM vehicle. To assess cell behavior after attachment to BM was established, explants were harvested after 21 days in culture. To assess whether sustained exposure to BCEC-CM was necessary for improved cell survival on BM, short exposure to BCEC-CM (3, 7, 14 days) was compared with 21-day exposure. Explants were harvested and evaluated by scanning electron and light microscopy. Extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition after exposure to BCEC-CM was evaluated following RPE cell removal after day 21 on tissue culture dishes or on BM.\n\nRESULTS. BCEC-CM significantly enhanced hES-RPE, fetal RPE, and aged adult RPE survival on BM, regardless of submacular pathology. Although shorter BCEC-CM exposure times showed selleck chemical significant improvement in cell survival

compared with culture in CM vehicle, longer BCEC-CM exposure times were more effective. BCEC-CM increased RPE ECM deposition on tissue culture plastic and on BM.\n\nCONCLUSIONS. The results of this study indicate that RPE survival is possible on AMD BM and offer a method that could be developed for enhancing transplanted cell survival on AMD BM. Increased ECM deposition may account for improved cell survival after culture in BCEC-CM. (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011; 52:9598-9609) DOI: 10.1167/iovs.11-8400″
“In the adult mammalian brain, more than 250 protein kinases are expressed, but only a few of these kinases are currently known to enable learning and memory.

The contribution of soluble activities to intravascular nucleotid

The contribution of soluble activities to intravascular nucleotide homeostasis remains controversial. By using thin-layer chromatographic assays, we revealed transphosphorylation of [gamma-P-32]ATP and AMP by human and murine sera, which was progressively inhibited by specific adenylate kinase (AK) inhibitor Ap(5)A. This phosphotransfer reaction was diminished markedly AR-13324 in serum from knockout mice lacking the major AK isoform, AK1, and in

human serum immunodepleted of AK1. We also showed that similar to 75% ADP in cell-free serum is metabolized via reversible AK1 reaction 2ADP <-> ATP + AMP. The generated ATP and AMP are then metabolized through the coupled nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase and 5′-nucleotidase/CD73 reactions, respectively. Constitutive presence of another nucleotide-converting enzyme, nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (NTPDase1, known as CD39), was ascertained by the relative deficiency of serum from CD39-null mice to dephosphorylate [H-3]ADP and [gamma-P-32]ATP,

and also by diminished [H-3]ADP hydrolysis by human serum pretreated with NTPDase1 inhibitors, POM-1 and ARL-67156. In summary, we have identified hitherto unrecognized soluble forms of AK1 and NTPDase1/CD39 that contribute in the active cycling between the principal platelet-recruiting agent ADP and other circulating nucleotides.-Yegutkin, G. G., Wieringa, B., Robson, S. C., Jalkanen, S. Metabolism of circulating ADP in the bloodstream Small molecule library high throughput is mediated via integrated actions of soluble adenylate kinase-1 and NTPDase1/CD39 activities FASEB J. 26, 3875-3883 (2012).”

13 of 13 nasal wash specimens from a single pediatrician’s office tested positive for low quantities of Bordetella pertussis DNA, we suspected prelaboratory contamination. Investigation revealed that Pentacel and Adacel vaccines contain high copy numbers of B. pertussis DNA, which can be aerosolized, causing false-positive B. pertussis PCR results.”
“The present study was conducted to understand the microalgal dynamics and surveillance in the selective sites along the south east coast of India. Algal isolation was carried out in 61 sampling stations characterized by different ecological features. see more In total 10 microalgal species were isolated under laboratory condition from the collected samples. The composition of microalgal distribution and their surveillance were related to the environmental factors are discussed in the present paper. From the results it was observed that Isochrysis galbana [MA1] has the maximum surveillance at 37 spots [60.7%]. It was also observed that 25.7% of the collection spots may share same microalgal dynamics and surveillance. In order to understand the better background information about the importance of culture condition in the optimal growth of microalgal strains, experimental setup were designed using modified Walne’s and Guillard f/2 medium.

3 million deaths globally Street lighting has been suggested as

3 million deaths globally. Street lighting has been suggested as a relatively low cost intervention with the potential to prevent traffic crashes.\n\nObjectives\n\nTo assess the effects of street lighting on injuries caused by road traffic crashes.\n\nSearch strategy\n\nWe searched the Cochrane Injuries Group’s Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, TRANSPORT, Australian Transport Index. We also searched the Internet and checked reference lists of relevant papers. The search was not restricted by language or publication

status. The searches were conducted to October 2008.\n\nSelection criteria\n\nRandomised controlled trials, non-randomised controlled trials and controlled before-after studies, comparing new street lighting with unlit roads, or improved street lighting with the pre-existing lighting level.\n\nData collection and analysis\n\nTwo authors screened search results, extracted data, assessed GKT137831 risk of bias and analysed the data.\n\nMain results\n\nWe found 16 controlled before-after studies of street lighting, all reporting crash

data, of which 14 contributed data to the meta-analysis. Seven trials included a designated control site, the other nine collected data at one site with the daytime data being used as the control. The methodological quality of the trials was generally poor.\n\nThree trials compared street lighting with an area control on total crashes; pooled rate ratio (RR) = 0.45 (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.29 to 0.69). Two trials compared street lighting with an area control on total injury crashes (all severities); RR = 0.78 (95% CI 0.63 to 0.97). No trials compared the number of fatal crashes with buy PCI-34051 find more an area control.\n\nTen trials compared street lighting with a day time control on total crashes; pooled RR = 0.68 (95% CI 0.56 to 0.83). Five trials compared street lighting with a day time control on total injury crashes; pooled RR = 0.68 (95% CI 0.59

to 0.79). Three trials compared street lighting with a day time control on fatal crashes; pooled RR = 0.33 (95% CI 0.17 to 0.66).\n\nAuthors’ conclusions\n\nThe results from this systematic review suggests that street lighting may prevent road traffic crashes, injuries and fatalities. However, further well designed studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of street lighting in middle and low-income countries.”
“Tetrakis-(mu(2)-phenylacetato-O,O’)-bis(caprolactam-O)copper(II) (1) was synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography, magnetic susceptibility and FT-IR spectroscopy. The title compound (1) crystallized in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/n with unit cell parameters a = 18.2242(4) angstrom, b = 10.0994(2) angstrom, c = 23.0696(5) angstrom, beta = 101.117(2)degrees; V = 4166.37(15) angstrom(3); Z = 4. The molecular structure of (1) consists of a copper dimer bridged by four phenylacetate ligands in the paddlewheel geometry with caprolactam coordinated in both axial sites.

In support of its effect on the NF-kappa B signaling pathway, Cuc

In support of its effect on the NF-kappa B signaling pathway, CucE decreased the phosphorylation levels of inhibitor of kappa B (I kappa B) and NF-kappa B/p65 in PDB + Ion-stimulated cells. Further supporting this, the nuclear translocation of NF-kappa B/p65 was significantly suppressed in

response to PDB plus Ion stimulation in the presence of CucE. The phosphorylation of p38MAPK, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and Erk1/2, however, was not decreased or slightly increased at some time points by CucE treatment. Collectively, MEK inhibitor these data suggest that CucE may exhibit immunosuppressive effect by attenuating critical cytokine expression through down-regulating the NF-kappa B signaling pathway.”
“HBx is an oncogenic tumor-associated antigen and is dominantly expressed in hepatitis and hepatoma tissues, the induction of active cellular responses against HBx should be a promising approach for the treatment of hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma. The present study was designed to test whether a replication-defective adenovirus vaccine expressing HBx antigen could be effectively used in the immunotherapy of hepatocellular carcinoma. To validate the possibility, we developed a novel HBx-positive hepatocellular P005091 in vivo carcinoma in mice by inoculated the pcDNA-HBx transfected Hepa1-6 cells subcutaneously

into the right flank of mice. We found that immunotherapy with Ad-HBx was effective at both protective and therapeutic antitumor immunity in the

hepatoma models in immune-competent mice. Histological examination revealed that Ad-HBx treatment led to significantly increased induction of apoptosis, tumor necrosis, FK506 concentration and elevated CD8(+) lymphocyte infiltration. In addition, the induction efficacy of the CTL response is dramatically enhanced by immunotherapy. Cytokine analysis comfirmed that the antitumor efficacy of Ad-HBx may mostly result from cellular immunity. Our findings may prove useful in development of adenovirus vaccine based on HBx antigen to the treatment of HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma.”
“Arboviral encephalitis is a potentially devastating human disease with no approved therapies that target virus replication. We previously discovered a novel class of thieno[3,2-b]pyrrole-based inhibitors active against neurotropic alphaviruses such as western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV) in cultured cells. In this report, we describe initial development of these novel antiviral compounds, including bioisosteric replacement of the 4H-thieno[3,2-b]pyrrole core with indole to improve metabolic stability and the introduction of chirality to assess target enantioselectivity. Selected modifications enhanced antiviral activity while maintaining low cytotoidcity, increased stability to microsomal metabolism, and also revealed striking enantiospecific activity in cultured cells.

RESULTS: The Na, K, Ca and Mg were the most abundant elements

\n\nRESULTS: The Na, K, Ca and Mg were the most abundant elements in muscle and liver tissues. The Na, K, Ca and Mg concentrations in fish tissues were between 51.7 and 3426 mg kg(-1). Muscle accumulated the lowest levels of elements. Trace element and contaminant levels in muscle were highest in spring and summer. The Cu, Zn and Cr concentrations were highest in summer. The Ni, Mn

and Fe concentrations were highest in spring. The maximum Pb concentrations in the muscle and liver of fish species was 0.39 and 0.80 mg kg(-1) in autumn. The maximum Cd concentration in the muscle of fish was 0.27 mg kg(-1) in spring and the maximum Cd concentration in the liver was 0.78 mg kg(-1) in summer.\n\nCONCLUSION: The Cr, Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn levels in muscle were found to be lower than permissible limits reported by various authorities. Estimated weekly and

daily intake for Pb and Cd by consumption of fish selleck compound muscle were far below the PTWI and PTDI values established by FAO/WHO. (C) 2009 Society of Chemical Industry”
“Purpose: Recent evidence from neuroimaging studies using visual tasks suggests that the right superior parietal cortex plays a pivotal role for the recovery of neglect. Importantly, neglect-related GDC-0941 price deficits are not limited to the visual system and have a rather multimodal nature. We employed somatosensory stimulation in patients with Selleckchem Acalabrutinib neglect in order to analyze activity changes in networks that are presumably associated with this condition.\n\nMethods: Eleven chronic neglect patients with right hemispherical stroke were investigated with a fMRI paradigm in which the affected and unaffected hands were passively moved.\n\nResults: Brain activation was correlated with the performance in clinical neglect tests. Significant positive correlations with brain activation were found for the lesion duration, the performance in bells and letter cancellation tests and the line bisection test. These activated areas formed a distributed pattern in the right superior parietal cortex.\n\nConclusions:

The results suggest a shared representation of visual and somatosensory networks in the right superior parietal cortex in patients with right hemispherical strokes and neglect. The spatial pattern of activity in the superior parietal cortex points out to a different representation of changes related to lesion duration and neglect.”
“This paper examines the use of TiO2 nanotubes (HNTs) as supports for V2O5 based catalysts in the total oxidation of chlorobenzene. The effect of the addition of SO42- onto the support is also discussed. Vanadium was introduced either by direct incorporation of V during the elaboration of the nanotubes (in situ elaboration), or by the impregnation of V on the surface of the supports (ex situ elaboration).