Hideki Nakayama, Fukuoka Higashi Medical Center, Pediatrics; Dr

Hideki Nakayama, Fukuoka Higashi Medical Center, Pediatrics; Dr. Yoshinori BIBF 1120 chemical structure Hara, Yokohama City University Hospital, Pediatrics; Dr. Akiya Fukuda, National Center for Child Health and Development, Organ Transplant Center; Dr. Mizuka Miki, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Pediatrics;

Dr. Hiromasa Yabe, Tokai University, School of Medicine, Base Medical Treatment Studies System, Regenerative Medical Science; Dr. Tetsushi Yoshikawa, Fujita Health University, School of Medical, Pediatrics. We also thank Dr. Yo Hoshino, Abbvie G.K. for providing suggestions and reviewing this article. “
“Dr. Yuta Nanjo The Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and The Japanese Society of Association for Infectious Diseases established the “JIC Award” to commend high-quality papers FDA-approved Drug Library published in the Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy. In each volume of the Journal, one article is selected on the vote of the JIC Award Selection

Committee. For volume 19, 2012, the following article was selected. Effects of slow-releasing colistin microspheres on endotoxin-induced sepsis Authors: Yuta Nanjo, Yoshikazu Ishii, Soichiro Kimura, Toshiro Fukami, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Toyofumi Suzuki, Kazuo Tomono, Yoshikiyo Akasaka, Toshiharu Ishii, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Kazuhiro Tateda, Keizo Yamaguchi J Infect Chemother (2013) 19: 683–90 Abstract Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major contributing factor to endotoxic shock. Colistin specifically binds to LPS. However, it has the disadvantages that adverse reactions are common and it has a short half-life. To overcome these disadvantages, we prepared slow-releasing filipin colistin microspheres and examined the efficacy of these colistin microspheres in a mouse model of endotoxin-induced sepsis. We prepared the colistin microspheres using poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid. For acute toxicity investigations, mice were overdosed with colistin sulfate or colistin microspheres. The group administered with colistin microspheres was associated with less acute toxicity and fewer nephrotoxic changes on histopathological examination compared

to the group administered with colistin sulfate alone. For pharmacokinetic analysis, mice were subcutaneously administered with colistin microspheres or colistin sulfate alone. The plasma concentration of colistin was higher in the colistin microspheres group than in the colistin sulfate group at 12 and 24 h after administration. Moreover, mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS and then immediately subcutaneously administered with blank microspheres, colistin microspheres or colistin sulfate alone. The levels of endotoxin in the sera and cytokine in the spleens were then measured. A significant reduction in the serum endotoxin level in the colistin microspheres group was observed at 24 h. The reduced endotoxin levels in the sera were correlated with the lower cytokine levels in the spleens of mice treated with colistin microspheres.

Comments are closed.