Multivariate logistic regression models revealed the same factors as predictors of operative ear disease.
Conclusion: The presence of a tracheostomy is associated with an increased risk of requiring ventilation tube placement over the population at large. Risk factors for operative middle ear disease among these children include age at time of the tracheostomy, craniofacial abnormalities, term birth, and home
living situation. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“This report describes a cross-sectional survey on the prevalence selleck screening library of hepatitis C antibodies (anti-HCV) in Tamboara, a small community in the northwest area from Parana State, south of Brazil with a high rate of accumulated detection for HCV. Eight hundred and sixteen residents (17.87% from all the population), independently of the age and time living in Tamboara were included in this study by an epidemiologic questionnaire and by testing for anti-HCV. The rapid selleck kinase inhibitor immuno-chromatographic test was applied for detection of HCV antibodies. The anti-HCV prevalence by rapid test was 4.28%. The median age for positive and negative test was 60.49 +/- 14.14 and 41.67 +/- 20.25, respectively (p < 0.001). By multivariate analysis, only familial history of hepatitis (p = 0.001; OR = 6.41; CI 95% = 2.08-19.78) and age (p = 0.007; OR 1.06; 95% CI = 1.02-1.10) showed statistical significance for positive anti-HCV.
The rapid test sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 92.7% respectively, with an
accuracy of 95.8% (95% CI = 91-100). These findings demonstrated a high prevalence of anti-HCV in Tamboara. The familial history of hepatitis was a significant risk factor to the infection and HCV rapid test showed to be accurate and feasible for epidemiological survey.”
“Objective: Aim of our study was to identify anatomical risk factors involved in the development of pediatric OSAHS through a MRI-based case-control pilot study.
Methods: MRI exams of the head and neck of 40 children affected by OSAHS were retrospectively evaluated. 25 indices referring to the air lumen, soft tissues and craniofacial skeleton were measured. Subsequently, the same process of measurement of indices was performed on MRI exams of 40 controls. For each index, then, we calculated in both groups Napabucasin cost mean, standard deviation, standard error and t value. Comparing the two series we finally calculated the degree of significance of each difference between children with OSAHS and controls through the Student’s t-test.
Results: Besides the expected and previously described differences of minimum retropharyngeal cross-sectional area (CSA), nasopharyngeal airway, combined upper airway volume, tonsillar and adenoid cross-sectional and volumetric indices, we found a higher midsagittal CSA of the soft palate and lower position of the hyoid bone, SNB angle and mandibular volume.