The highest value of TSS was 247 mg l− 1 recorded at stn MB9, wh

The highest value of TSS was 247 mg l− 1 recorded at stn. MB9, which

was located at the centre of the bloom patch ( Figure 3). The surface chlorophyll a concentration varied widely, between 1.4 μg l− 1 at stn. MB1 near the bay mouth and 521 μg l− 1 at stn. MB9 in the middle of the bloom patch ( Figure 4). The surface Chl a values of EW transect stations were high (> 3 μg l− 1). CYC202 mw Similarly, the northern part of the bay (stn. MB3) also had comparatively high levels of TChl a at the surface. Accessory pigments like peridinin, fucoxanthin, zeaxanthin, lutein, violaxanthin, neoxanthin and antheraxanthin, when normalised to TChl a, displayed considerable variation among stations as a function of depth. The TChl b/TChl a ratios were high (81%) towards the northern part of the bay (stn. MB5) – an indication of a high chlorophyte abundance (

Figure 5). The photosynthetic pigment peridinin/TChl a and fucoxanthin/TChl a ratios were also higher in the mid part of the bay, with mean values of 0.05 and 0.13 μg l− 1 respectively. Zeaxanthin and lutein were the most dominant accessory non-photosynthetic pigments. The peridinin/TChl a ratio was exceptionally high (60%) in the surface waters at stn. MB7 and outweighed all other pigments, showing a clear dominance of dinoflagellates. On the EW transect at stns. MB12, MB13 and MB9 the fucoxanthin/TChl a ratio increased markedly below 15 m, owing to the aggregation of the diatoms Haslea gigantea and Chaetoceros spp. (unpublished data). Lutein, a marker pigment for chlorophytes and prasinophytes, was also ascribed to chlorophytes Cabozantinib manufacturer since microscopic observations revealed the absence of prasinophytes in the samples (see Furuya et al. 2006). On the NS transect at stns. MB2, 4 and 5 the high zeaxanthin/TChl a ratios of > 0.18 μg l− 1

coincided with comparatively high temperatures (> 28.1 °C). The NPP index, a measure of the relative importance of non-photosynthetic pigments with respect to total pigment concentration, showed high values Resveratrol at the surface (> 0.6) at most of the stations ( Figure 6). On the EW transect NPP values ranged from 0.54 to 0.68, whereas on the NS transect NPP ranged from 0.60 to 0.67. Surface NPP values also varied considerably on the EW transect: 0.67 at stn. MB9 and 0.63 at the nearby stn. MB13. The chlorophyll specific absorption coefficients varied widely in the bay, within and outside the bloom patch. The lower a*ph(λ) values recorded in this study are typical of eutrophic waters containing larger phytoplankton species, thus demonstrating greater pigment packaging. The spectrally averaged chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients (ā*ph(λ)) showed a decreasing trend with depth. Apart from the major absorption peaks (blue absorption maximum at 440 nm and red absorption maximum near 676 nm), marked absorption peaks at 475 nm and 653 nm were seen at almost all stations.

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