23 The purpose of this multicenter headache clinic survey study was to evaluate in men and women with migraine the frequency of different types of abuse, to assess their associations with migraine characteristics, and with comorbid PARP inhibitor mental and physical health conditions. In this first paper we examine childhood maltreatment prevalence and severity, interrelatedness of abuse types, as well as the rates of revictimization in adulthood. We report on the relationship of abuse with demographic variables, and confounding conditions, including body mass index (BMI), substance abuse, depression, and anxiety. Patient Selection.— This multicenter study was conducted by the members of the Women’s Issues Section
research consortium of the American Headache Society. A detailed explanation of patient recruitment, data collection, and some of
the measures of this study were reported previously.24 The recruitment of the cross-sectional survey of headache clinic patients occurred between February 2006 and June 2008 at 11 outpatient headache centers, after each center separately obtained approval from the Institutional Review Boards (IRB). Participants were examined by a headache specialist, who determined the patient’s eligibility and obtained informed consent per the IRB protocol. Participation click here in the study was offered to consecutive patients, men or women, using the following inclusion criteria: primary headache disorder as defined by the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD)-2 criteria,20 18 years and older, willingness to complete a self-administered electronic questionnaire on a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA), eg, the Palm® handheld device. Exclusion criteria included the following: not physically well enough to complete an electronic questionnaire on a PDA, and not literate in English. The physician or the study personnel provided the subjects with
verbal instructions and selleck chemical a brief demonstration of the technology to complete the survey. Data Collection.— The electronic questionnaire used in this study was designed with Pendragon® Forms 5.0 computer software (Pendragon Software Corporation, Libertyville, IL, USA). The questionnaire collected information on sociodemographic variables (age, gender, race, household income, highest educational level attained, BMI, caffeine use, smoking status, substance abuse), current depression and anxiety, childhood abuse and neglect, and abuse in adulthood. Questions on substance abuse inquired about the abuse of prescription medications, alcohol, and illegal drugs. Participants were asked if they currently abused these substances or if abuse occurred in the past. Table 1 provides the demographic details of the study population. Surveys were collected from 11 centers, which recruited participants during periods ranging from 6 weeks to 12 months. Analysis in this study includes all persons with migraine with aura, and migraine without aura, whether episodic or chronic.