A 47-year-old man received cancer ablation for right mouth floor squamous cell carcinoma. The resultant defect was planned to be reconstructed with
the ALT flap. During the flap dissection, we identified three proximal cutaneous perforators originating from the transverse branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery (t-LCFA) and two distal cutaneous perforators CP-868596 nmr originating from the descending branch (d-LCFA). We harvested a skin flap based on the distal two perforators and divided the d-LCFA just distal to the bifurcation of the d-LCFA and the t-LCFA. Unfortunately, the ALT flap showed venous congestion on postoperative day 2 and eventually failed. We harvested a second ALT flap from the same donor site based on the previously preserved perforators. The recovery course was smooth thereafter. We believe that the harvest of a second ALT flap from the same donor site may be an option, to avoid other donor site violation, in some patients who experienced the first flap loss. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 34:409–412, 2014. “
“We present herein a case of massive arterial thrombosis of a free rectus abdominal musculocutaneous flap used for reconstructive surgery of gingival carcinoma that could not be rescued. A 54-year-old woman underwent the operation.
She had experienced two miscarriages in her 20s, but medical history was otherwise uneventful. Intraoperatively, INCB024360 mouse the anastomosed artery often showed massive arterial thrombosis, and the flaps had become necrotic after bilateral flaps were used. Laboratory findings, 7 days postoperatively, showed high levels of immunoglobulin G anticardiolipin antibody. This value normalized by 2 months postoperatively after using chemotherapy. This case does not match the criteria for antiphospholipid
syndrome, but some English-language reports have shown rising antiphospholipid antibody levels, particularly anticardiolipin antibodies, in patients Verteporfin purchase with neoplasm. In those cases, levels have normalized after successful therapy. Antiphospholipid antibody levels should be examined before surgery to identify risks of hypercoagulability. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Microsurgery, 2010. “
“Secondary reconstruction of thoracic esophageal defects is a challenging problem for microsurgeons. Because of previous surgeries and coexisting disease, gastric pull-up, and creation of a pedicled colon conduit are often impossible. Transfer of a supercharged pedicled jejunum flap or free jejunal interposition is usually the last resort; however, identifying appropriate recipient vessels and adequately covering the reconstructive conduit are often difficult. We performed secondary thoracic esophageal reconstruction with combined use of the cephalic vein as a recipient vein and the pectoralis major muscle flap for coverage in three patients.