A gap as small as 3 cm between MB excitations resulted in a compa

A gap as small as 3 cm between MB excitations resulted in a comparable ASL signal loss and temporal-signal-to-noise ratio with single-band PASL.\n\nConclusionThe MB ASL technique is an effective method to evaluate whole brain perfusion because it minimizes the temporal spread of labeled spins across slices, resulting in more accurate perfusion measurements. Magn Reson Med 70:1653-1661,

GW4869 2013. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Introduction: The anatomic neck of the humerus is used as a reference for the osteotomy in shoulder arthroplasty. Resection along the anterior portion of the cartilage/metaphyseal border is assumed to remove a cap of a sphere that can accurately be replaced with a spherical prosthetic implant oriented precisely to the original articular surface. The aim of this study was to determine the variability in retroversion of the cartilage/metaphyseal interface in the axial plane.\n\nMethods: Surface topography data for 24 arms from deceased donors were collected by using a hand-held digitizer and a surface laser scanner. Data were combined into the same coordinate

system and graphically presented. The humeral head was divided into 6 sections in the axial plane and the retroversion angle measured at each level with reference to the transepicondylar axis at the elbow.\n\nResults: The mean retroversion of the humeral head at the midpoint between the superior and inferior margins was 18.6 Fosbretabulin inhibitor degrees. The angle increased as the position of the measurement moved superiorly to 22.5 degrees. In contrast, the retroversion angle reduced as the position of measurement moved more inferiorly to 14.3 degrees.\n\nDiscussion: The results suggest that the cartilage/metaphyseal interface is not circular encompassing a spherical cap of a sphere. Furthermore, there appears to be a clockwise torsion of the cartilage/metaphyseal interface about the transverse axis from its medial to lateral aspect.\n\nConclusion: The cartilage/metaphyseal interface shows a degree of variability that makes it an unreliable landmark to perform an osteotomy when the anterior aspect of the interface is used. (c) 2012 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

Board of Trustees.”
“The batch self organizing map (SOM) is applied to extracting the feature of process images for the dynamic behavior of an aerated agitation vessel. When FDA-approved Drug Library concentration time-series images preprocessed by particle image velocimetry are computed by the SOM, the generated map provides visible and intelligible information for periodic behavior of patterns for gas dispersion. It is also shown that the sigmoid transformation of data enhances the efficiency of generating a more comprehensible map. Furthermore, the SOM is demonstrated to be effective in extracting the feature of small displacements of the impeller shaft inside the vessel. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Iron chlorosis is a wide-spread limiting factor of production in agriculture.

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