Data collected included patient and tumor characteristics, counseling conditions, and specialties of informing doctors. Factors influencing patients’ choices were studied using multivariate analysis.
RESULTS Of 343 consecutive patients, 309 were offered SLNB and NO and received complete verbal
and written information from a dermatologist alone (62%) or in association with a surgeon (38%). Approximately half took advice from trusted persons, and half asked for additional time before making a decision; 268 (86.7%) ultimately decided to undergo SLNB. Multivariate analysis showed that older patients, those with CP-868596 cost a head and neck melanoma, and those informed without a surgeon present were more likely to prefer NO.
CONCLUSIONS This counseling procedure was easily implemented in clinical practice. Patients favored SLNB but were able to understand uncertainties and express preferences.”
“Objectives: Progression of hepatic fibrosis is accelerated in patients co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus compared to hepatitis C virus mono-infected patients. This study aimed to
compare ultrasound features and selected clinical and biochemical variables click here between patients with human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus co-infection (n = 16) versus hepatitis C virus mono-infection (n = 16).
Methods: Each patient underwent abdominal ultrasound, and a specific evaluation was performed in order to detect findings consistent with chronic liver disease. Characterization of spleen size, liver structural pattern, diameter
of the see more portal, spleen, and mesenteric veins was based on classical ultrasound parameters. Propensity score was used for control of selection bias and performed using binary logistic regression to generate a score for each patient. The Fisher and Mann-Whitney tests were used to evaluate categorical variables and continuous variables, respectively.
Results: On univariate analysis right hepatic lobe size was larger in human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus patients (157.06 +/- 17.56 mm) compared to hepatitis C virus mono-infected patients (134.94 +/- 16.95 mm) (p = 0.0011). The left hepatic lobe was also significantly larger in human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus patients (115.88 +/- 22.69 mm) versus hepatitis C virus mono-infected patients (95.06 +/- 24.18 mm) (p = 0.0177). Also, there was a strong correlation between hepatomegaly and co-infection (p = 0.005).
Conclusion: Human immunodeficiency virus infection was the primary variable influencing liver enlargement in this population. Hepatomegaly on ultrasound was more common among cirrhotic human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus co-infected patients than among cirrhotic hepatitis C virus mono-infected patients. This aspect is very important in the management of human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus co-infected patients, because screening for hepatocellular carcinoma is necessary in this population.