pyriformis For HepG2 cells, the results revealed interassay vari

pyriformis. For HepG2 cells, the results revealed interassay variations depending on the compound. The highest assay conformity was found for the metal Hg(2+) and the fungicide prochloraz. The AlamarBlue assay was the most sensitive assay according to low-effect concentrations. By contrast, the NRU assay was comprised of more frequent whole concentration response relationships and was more susceptible to EC(50). For T. pyriformis the EC(50) values of the two applied assays displayed a high conformity (R(2) = 0.97). Comparing the EC(50) values obtained by the MTT assay for

the two cell models, a direct correlation was absent for the xenobiotics and only present for Selleck LY3023414 the metals (Cd(2+), Cu(2+), and Ni(2+)). Moreover, the protozoa T. pyriformis displayed a 20 times higher sensitivity than the cell line. The highest interspecies difference of three log

degrees was obtained for the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon fluoranthene. In addition, a correlation of the EC(50) values and octanol-water partition coefficient (log K(OW)) of the xenobiotics was performed. No correlation was found for HepG2, and a weak one for T. pyriformis. Interestingly, the interspecies difference of logarithmized EC(50) correlated positive with the log K(OW) (R(2) = 0.65). In conclusion, to obtain reliable evidence for human cytotoxicity, more than one viability/cytotoxicity assay had to be applied

for cell lines. Second, the human hepatoma cell line was less affected by the organic compounds than the eukaryotic single-cell organism and was also less dependent on the log K(OW) of the xenobiotic. (c) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 26: 171-186, 2011.”
“Background: The association GDC-0941 molecular weight of DLG5 R30Q with IBD has been replicated in several populations, but is not statistically significant in others. We studied the incidence of DLG5 alleles in a population of IBD patients from Pennsylvania.

Methods: DLG5 R30Q (rs1248696) and G1066G (rs1248634) were analyzed with PCR-based RFLP methods in a total of 521 subjects, that included 105 individuals with IBD and 139 without IBD from a familial IBD registry, 107 with sporadic IBD, and 170 unrelated healthy controls. R30Q was further analyzed with SNPlex (TM) Genotyping System in 473 samples.

Results: RFLP genotyping data showed that, DLG5 R30Q was significantly associated with IBD overall (p = 0.006), and separately with CD (p = 0.009) and UC (p = 0.024). The association of R30Q with IBD was entirely due to a male-associated effect (male vs female p = 0.015 vs 0.241 (IBD), p = 0.024 vs 0.190 (CD), and p = 0.019 vs 0.575 (UC)). The frequency of the A allele carriage was elevated in both affected and unaffected members in the familial IBD cohort compared to healthy controls (p = 0.037).

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