05) in heavy metal removal only for Co, Zn, Mn and Ni, but no significant differences (p > 0.05) for Cd, Pb, V, Ti, Cu and Al. Within the bacterial isolates, significant differences (p < 0.05)
in heavy metal removal were found for Co, Zn, Ti, Pb, V and Mn. In addition, by comparing the two groups of test organisms, the statistical analysis showed significant differences (p < 0.05) for Co, Ti, V, Mn and Ni. The Pearson’s correlation test was performed to establish the degree of correlations between the test organism microbial counts, pH, COD increase and the percentage removal of DO and heavy metals in the industrial wastewater samples. For bacterial isolates, the correlation test revealed
a moderate correlation (0.3 < |r| < 0.7) between bacterial counts Doramapimod purchase and all the parameters, except for the pH and the DO removal, which exhibited weak correlations (0 < |0.092, 0.188| < 0.3), and aluminum removal, which showed a strong negative correlation (|r = −0.971| > 0.7). By analysing the data collected for the protozoan isolates, the statistical evidence regarding the relationship between the protozoan counts and the pH, between the protozoan counts and the COD increase, as well as between the percentage removal of DO and heavy metals, revealed weak correlations (0 < |r| < 0.3) with the exception of Co (r = 0.477), Zn (r = 0.524), MK-8931 clinical trial selleck products Ni (r = 0.332) and Al (r = 0.33), which indicated moderate correlations (0.3 < |r| < 0.7). Statistical analysis correlating microbial counts of all the microbial isolates against pH, DO removal, COD increase, and metal removal (Co, Cd, Zn, Cu, Ti, Pb, V, Mn, Ni, Al) indicated moderate correlations between mean microbial counts and all the physico-chemical parameters with the exception of DO, Cd and Cu, which revealed weak correlations. Determination of metal removal efficiency of test isolates In order to determine whether microbial isolates were using passive or active mechanisms to remove heavy metals from the industrial wastewater mixed liquor culture
media, firstly, the biosorption ability of test isolates was assessed by inoculating heat-killed (dead) microbial cells (approximately 6 log CFU or Cells/ml) in the Selleckchem CRT0066101 culture media. Secondly, microbial isolates were screened for the presence of specific metal-tolerance genes. Figure 3 illustrates the removal of heavy metal ions from industrial wastewater samples by dead microbial cells throughout the study period. In general, a slight increase in the removal of heavy metals was observed throughout the experimental study in mixed liquor culture media. In addition, the biosorption ability of dead microbial cells in all mixed liquor culture media appeared to be exhausted after the third day of incubation.